A Response

Curriculum Vitae


Martin Gardiner Bernal


1937 Born London.

1957 Matriculated King's College, Cambridge.

1960 Diploma of Chinese language, Peking University. Distinction in Oral Chinese, Cambridge.

1961 1st class Honours, Oriental Tripos, pt. II.

1962 Harkness Commonwealth Fellowship.

1963 Graduate Student at the University of California (Berkeley),

1964 Graduate Student at Harvard.

1965 Prize Fellow of King's College Cambridge.

1966 Ph.D. Oriental Studies at Cambridge University.

1972 Associate Professor in the Department of Government, Cornell University.

1984 Adjunct Professor of Near Eastern Studies, Cornell.

1988 Full Professor in the Department of Government, Cornell University.



Selected Publications.



1976 Chinese Socialism Before 1907, Ithaca, New York: Cornell University Press.

1987 Black Athena The Afroasiatic Roots of Classical Civilization 1: The Fabrication of Ancient Greece 1785-1985. London: Free Association Books. and New Brunswick: Rutgers University.

1988 "The British Utilitarians, Imperialism and the Fall of the Ancient Model," Culture and History 3: 98-127.

1989 "Classics in Crisis: An Outsider's View In," Classics : A Discipline and Profession in Crisis? Ed. P. Culham and L. Edmunds. University Press of America. Pp. 67-76.

"Black Athena and the APA." in The Challenge of Black Athena " Special issue of Arethusa. Pp.17-37.

1990 "Responses to Critical Reviews of Black Athena: Volume I: in the Journal of Mediterranean Archaeology 3/1:111- 137.

Cadmean Letters: The Westward Diffusion of The Semitic Alphabet Before 1400 B.C. Winona Lake: Eisenbrauns.

1991 Black Athena 2: The Archaeological and Documentary Evidence. London, Free Association Books; New Brunswick: Rutgers University.

1992 "Animadversions on the Origins of Western Science,"Isis 83, 4 (December): 596-607 .

1993 "Response', to 'Dialogue: Martin Bernal's Black Athena." Journal of Women's History 4.3, (Winter):119-135.

"Phoenician Politics and Egyptian Justice in Ancient Greece."

in Kurt Raaflaub ed. Anfänge politischen Denkens in der Antike: nahöstliochen Kulturen und die Griechen. Schriften des Historischen Kollegs. Kolloquien 24. München: R. Oldenbourg Verlag. Pp.241-252.

"Reply to L. A. Trittle,"Liverpool Classical Monthly 18.2: whole issue.

1994 "Response to Robert Palter," History of Science 32:1-20.

1995 "Race, Class and Gender in the Formation of The Aryan Model of Greek Origins." South Atlantic Quarterly. 94.4. (Fall) :987-1008.

"Politically Correct: Mythologies of Neo-Conservatism in the American Academy," New Political Science. 38/39:17-28.

1997 "Responses to Black Athena." Black Athena: Ten Years After. special edition of Talanta vols 28 and 29. pp.65-99;165-173 and 209-219.


Black Athena: The Debates Continue. (tentative title)

ed. with David Chioni Moore, Duke University Press.

Black Athena Writes Back ed. with David Chioni Moore, Duke University Press.

Black Athena 3 The Linguistic Evidence. New Brunswick: Rutgers University; London, Free Association Books;


Yijiulingqi Nian Yiqian Zhongguodi Shehuizhuyi Sichao

[ Chinese Trans. of Chinese Socialism Before 1907 ] Fuzhou: Fujian Renmin Chubanshe. (1985).

Black Athena I into Italian, German, Spanish and French, Swedish and Arabic.

Black Athena II into Italian,

Translations are being prepared into Albanian, Greek, Japanese and Turkish.

Book about my work.(In Press)

Heresy in the Academy:The Case of Black Athena. By Jacques Berlinerblau, Rutgers University Press.

Book against my work.

Black Athena Revisited. ed. Mary Lefkowitz and Guy Rogers.

University of North Carolina Press. 1996.